655. Human dignity.

Human dignity is the first 'foundational value' of the EU1, and the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights2 provides that human dignity is inviolable, and that it must be respected and protected3. Although neither the domestic courts nor the ECJ have adopted a fixed legal definition of 'dignity', it has been described by the ECJ as entailing the recognition of the equal worth of all individuals4 and recognised as a general principle of EU law5. 'Dignity' has also been described by the United Kingdom Supreme Court in terms of being inextricably linked with equality and democracy6. The European Convention on