137. Field of application of the EU Charter.

The EU Charter1 binds all the institutions of the EU and their actions and applies to member states when they are implementing EU law2. The Charter does not extend the field of application of EU law beyond the powers of the EU or establish any new power or task for the EU or modify powers and tasks defined by the Treaties3. Any limitation on the exercise of the rights and freedoms recognised by the Charter must be provided for by law and respect the essence of those rights and freedoms: subject to the principle of proportionality, limitations may be