284. Extraterritorial application.

With limited exceptions, the application of Article 51 is governed by the primarily territorial concept of jurisdiction contained in Article 1 (states' obligation to respect human rights)2, and therefore the transfer of a person from a state which is not a party to the European Convention on Human Rights to one that is, pursuant to extradition arrangements or some other form of cooperation, does not in itself render Article 5 applicable even where such a transfer is 'irregular'3. However, the extra-territorial application of Article 5 may be engaged where the receiving state has acted extra-territorially in a manner that