648. Examples of proportionate and disproportionate restrictions on the right to stand as a candidate.

The right to stand as a candidate in an election would be illusory1 if one could be arbitrarily deprived of it at any moment2, and examples of eligibility restrictions and disqualifications found to be disproportionate have included the exclusion of 'non-constituent peoples' from membership of the parliamentary assembly3, a prohibition against dual nationals sitting as members of parliament4, and the disqualification of a candidate on language grounds notwithstanding a valid certificate of linguistic competence5. Examples of proportionate eligibility restrictions and disqualifications have included the obligation to pay a non-refundable election deposit