115. Examples of implied obligations.

The right to life1 has been interpreted to include positive obligations to hold an effective investigation into deaths that may have been caused by state agents2, to provide information relating to serious health and safety risks3, and to put in place preventative operational measures to protect those whose lives are at risk from criminal attack4. The prohibition of torture5 has been interpreted to include the positive obligation to carry out an effective investigation into any allegation of such treatment6. The prohibition of slavery7 has been interpreted to include the positive obligations to penalise and prosecute acts of slavery, forced