348. Everyone charged with a criminal offence presumed innocent until proven guilty.

Article 6 provides that everyone charged with a criminal offence shall be presumed innocent until proven guilty according to law1. The presumption of innocence serves the aims both of protecting an individual on trial and of maintaining public confidence in the integrity and security of the criminal legal system2. Accordingly, a court should not arrive with the preconceived idea of guilt: the burden of proof is with the prosecution such that it is for the state to notify the defendant as to the case against him and any doubt at trial should be in the defendant's favour