14. European Convention on Human Rights.

The European Convention on Human Rights1 was adopted by the Council of Europe in 19502. The Convention requires the parties to it to secure to everyone within their jurisdiction3 the rights and freedoms it goes on to define4, those being:

  1.  

    (1)     the right to life5;

  2.  

    (2)     freedom from torture and other inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment6;

  3.  

    (3)     freedom from slavery and forced or compulsory labour7;

  4.  

    (4)     the right to liberty and security of the person8;

  5.  

    (5)     the right to a fair trial9;

  6.  

    (6)     the prohibition of retroactive penal legislation10;

  7.  

    (7)     the right to private and family life, home