1. Early origins of the idea of fundamental rights.

Whilst values akin to human rights, such as the equality of man before God, human dignity, justice and the application of law, can be found in many religious texts1, and the origins of human rights can be traced back to attempts to codify moral and political philosophy in some ancient civilisations2, the very earliest documents bearing some resemblance to modern Bills or Treaties of rights originated in Britain. The Magna Carta of 1215 confirmed the human rights concepts of habeas corpus