237. Diplomatic assurances.

The expelling state may seek from the receiving state 'diplomatic assurances' that Article 3 treatment1 will not take place, and such assurances, if provided, will be taken into account when considering whether there is a real risk of ill treatment to the person concerned2. Assurances are not in themselves sufficient to ensure adequate protection against the risk of ill-treatment: there is an obligation to examine whether assurances provide, in their practical application, a sufficient guarantee that the person concerned will be protected against the risk of ill-treatment3. The weight to be given to assurances from the receiving state will