489. Criticism of the judiciary.

The need to maintain the authority and impartiality of the judiciary and the judicial process is a ground of justified interference with free expression1. The term 'judiciary' is broad in scope and encompasses all the machinery of justice or the judicial branch of government as well as judges in their official capacity2; and the concept of 'the authority' of the judiciary stems from the need for the public to have confidence in and respect for the courts' ability to ascertain legal rights and obligations and settle disputes3. The European Court of Human Rights has held that the interests under