30. Convention Against Torture.

The principal international instrument dealing specifically with torture is the United Nations Convention Against Torture1. Amongst other obligations, it requires states parties:


    (1)     to incorporate the crime of torture in their domestic legislation2;


    (2)     to punish acts of torture by appropriate penalties3;


    (3)     to undertake a prompt and impartial investigation of any alleged act of torture4;


    (4)     to ensure that statements made as a result of torture are not invoked as evidence in proceedings (except against a person accused of torture as evidence that the statement was made)5; and


    (5)     to establish an enforceable right to fair and adequate