609. Compensation and restitution.

Article 1 of Protocol 11 does not guarantee a right to full compensation in all circumstances2, although the taking of property without payment of an amount reasonably related to its value will normally constitute a disproportionate interference3. A total lack of compensation would be considered justifiable only in exceptional circumstances4.

In cases involving unlawful deprivation of property, states are required to provide restitution in integrum if the nature of the breach allows it: if not, states can be required to pay compensation for the value of the property, on the basis that property is a material commodity which can be