541. Collective agreements.

Article 111 does not guarantee a right to enter into collective agreements and nor is there any guarantee that a collective agreement on a particular matter be maintained for an indefinite period2: this is because the state is left with a discretion as to the measures it adopts to ensure that unions are able to protect the interests of their members3. Formerly, the European Court of Human Rights has been clear in its decisions that collective agreements were not inherently necessary for Article 11 to offer effective protection