567. Cases involving torture or violations of the right to life.

In cases involving alleged mistreatment contrary to Article 2 (right to life)1 or Article 3 (prohibition of torture)2, Article 133 requires a thorough and effective investigation capable of leading to the identification and punishment of those responsible, including effective access for the complainant to the investigation procedure, and the payment of compensation where appropriate, including compensation for any non-pecuniary damage flowing from the breach4. Although Article 13 will not always require that the authorities undertake responsibility for investigating allegations themselves, there must be a mechanism for victims or their families to establish the liability of any state officials or