106. Balancing individual and community rights.

The principle of 'proportionality' is concerned with defining the balance, inherent in the European Convention on Human Rights1, between the rights of individuals and the interests of the community2, and although the word does not appear in the text of the Convention or its Protocols it is the guiding principle of the European Court of Human Rights' approach3. Proportionality requires there to be a reasonable relationship between the goal pursued by the authorities and the means they use to attain that goal4, and the Court is therefore tasked with deciding whether a measure of interference that is aimed at