40. Arab and Islamic States.

The Cairo Declaration of Human Rights in Islam1 was adopted in 1990 by the Nineteenth Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers in Cairo. It is non-binding, its purpose being to provide guiding principles in issues of human rights in Islam2, and covers such matters as the prohibition of discrimination3, the right to life4, the right to marry5, the right to education6, freedom of thought, conscience and religion7, the prohibition of slavery and forced labour8, the right to property9, the right to respect for private and family life10, the right to a fair hearing11, the prohibition of torture12, the right to