128. 'Public emergency threatening the life of the nation'.

States may derogate from provisions of the European Convention on Human Rights1 only in time of war or other public emergency threatening the life of the nation2, which has been held to refer to an exceptional situation of crisis or emergency affecting the whole population and constituting a threat to the organised life of the community of which the state is composed3. Such an emergency has also been held to have, in particular, the following characteristics: that it is actual or imminent; that its effects involve the whole nation; that the continuance of the organised life of the community