13. 'Negative' and 'positive' rights.

Rights often impose negative obligations — obligations on emanations of the state, most obviously the police, not to interfere with the exercise of a right — pursuant to which the human rights' instrument in question ensures that the right can be exercised and merely designates the specific circumstances in which interference can occur1. In contrast, rights can also impose positive obligations, under which the state is put under a duty to allow the exercise of the right in question; the state must act to deliver the right2.

The right to respect for private life includes both negative and positive obligations