9. 'Human right'.

In the United Kingdom it is generally assumed in case-law and statutes that the term 'human right' should be understood in a 'positivist' sense1: thus, for example, since the coming into force of the Human Rights Act 1998, 2if X (a private person or body) makes a claim that he has a 'right' to Y he is understood to be stating that he has identified the good he seeks as falling within the ambit of one of the rights enumerated in the European Convention on Human Rights3