Until 1999 holders of hereditary peerages were automatically entitled to a seat in the House of Lords1. The House of Lords Act 1999 introduced the rule that no-one is to be a member of the House of Lords by virtue of a hereditary peerage2; however, at any one time 90 hereditary peers are excepted from the rule3 and, once excepted, a hereditary peer continues to be so throughout his life (until an Act of Parliament provides to the contrary)4. Excepted members may however cease to be members in the same way as life peers5.
The excepted hereditary peers consist of
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