The protection conferred by a patent on a biological material possessing specific characteristics as a result of the invention1 extends to any biological material derived from that biological material through propagation or multiplication in an identical or divergent form and possessing those same characteristics2. The protection conferred by a patent on a process that enables a biological material to be produced possessing specific characteristics as a result of the invention extends to biological material directly obtained through that process and to any other biological material derived from the directly obtained biological material through propagation or multiplication in an identical
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Dividends involve a distribution of cash or a distribution of non-cash assets (known as a distribution in kind or a distribution in specie).A scrip dividend (in a tax context, sometimes referred to as a stock dividend) allows a shareholder to receive new shares in a company as an alternative to a
The right to notice means a right for the employee to remain in employment for the period of notice, not simply to be paid for it. An employer will therefore often include in the contract an express right to make a payment in lieu of notice ('PILON') as an alternative to giving notice, to ensure
Voluntary manslaughterVoluntary manslaughter consists of those killings which would be murder (because the accused has the relevant mental element for murder) but which are reduced to manslaughter because of one of the three special defences (loss of control, diminished responsibility or suicide
This Practice Note is an archive of news from the Loan Market Association (LMA) on LMA documentation and related topics. It covers LMA updates from early 2013 to January 2016. For the latest LMA developments since January 2016, see Practice Note: Loan Market Association (LMA)—latest news on
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