384. In general.

An invention1 is personal property2 and, except in certain cases of inventions made by employees3, belongs primarily to the inventor or joint inventors4. A patent or an application for a patent5 is also personal property6, and rights in inventions, patents and applications7 may therefore devolve or be transferred8 at any stage from prior to the making of the invention9 to the expiry of the patent10 in the same way as other personal property, provided that any related agreement is not in unreasonable restraint of trade11.

Questions and disputes as to the ownership of inventions, patents and applications for patents, and