829. The Queen's Speech.

(vi)     Proceedings at the Opening of Parliament

829.     The Queen's Speech.

Neither House of Parliament can proceed with any public business until the session has been opened either by the monarch in person1 or by Lords Commissioners acting on her behalf2. On this occasion the causes for the summoning of Parliament are communicated to the two Houses in the Queen's Speech, which states the government's policy and intended programme of business for the forthcoming session and informs the Commons that estimates of government expenditure will be laid before them. The causes of summons, as declared