893. The position of the courts of law.

Each House of Parliament has traditionally claimed to be the sole and exclusive judge of its own privilege and of the extent of that privilege1. The courts of law accept the existence of privileges essential to the discharge of the functions of the two Houses. In 1839, all the privileges required for the energetic discharge of the Commons' trust were conceded by the court without a murmur or doubt2; and over 150 years later, the Privy Council confirmed that the courts will not allow any challenge to be made to what is said or done within the walls of