632. The lords spiritual.

The lords spiritual are the archbishops and such of the bishops of the Church of England as have seats in the House of Lords.

Bishops are appointed by the Crown1 and their right to sit and vote in the House of Lords is established by ancient usage and by statute2. There are two archbishops and 40 diocesan bishops in England3 but of these only the Archbishops of Canterbury and York, the Bishops of London, Durham and Winchester and the next most senior 21 bishops (in order of appointment) are entitled to sit in the House of Lords