911. Proceedings against offenders.

If a contempt is committed in the sight of either House of Parliament, the House may proceed to punish the offender at once, without hearing him, otherwise than by way of apology or to manifest his contrition1. Similarly, if a contempt committed outside the House is so flagrant and clear that no inquiry is called for, the House may deal with the matter at once2.

However, neither House usually deals with an alleged breach of its privileges or contempt without first hearing in his own defence the person implicated. In the House of Lords complaints of breach of privilege or