602. Powers of the Crown.

602.     Powers of the Crown.

The two Houses of Parliament are summoned and prorogued by the monarch by the exercise of the royal prerogative1. Royal assent2 must be given to any bill passed by the House of Lords and the House of Commons3 before it can have the force of law4. Where a bill affects the interests of the monarch, her consent must be signified at some stage in each House before the bill is passed5.

The Crown or its ministers are restrained from ruling without a Parliament, since it is