605. Parliamentary control over the action of the Crown and the executive.

Parliament is not an executive authority, but either directly or indirectly it exercises control over the action of the Crown1 and of the executive government and over the administration of the laws which it has enacted. This control is effected in the following ways:


    (1)     by the legal restrictions which prevent the Crown or its ministers from imposing any charge upon the people or from maintaining a standing army in time of peace without Parliament's consent;


    (2)     by the doctrine of the constitution by which supply is granted annually by the House of Commons and must receive legislative sanction