612. Communication by message.

612.     Communication by message.

Her Majesty may communicate by message with either House of Parliament singly or, more usually, with both Houses separately1. Messages are delivered by one of the Ministers of the Crown, or in the House of Lords by one of the royal household, either in writing under the royal sign manual2 or orally3. In each House it is customary to reply to a message under the royal sign manual by means of an address4 humbly thanking Her Majesty for her gracious message and, where appropriate, assuring her of the