611. Communication by commission.

611.     Communication by commission.

Except for the delivery of the Queen's Speech from the Throne at the opening of each session, the royal functions are now customarily performed by commission under the Great Seal1. By virtue of such commissions the pleasure of the Crown is signified to the two Houses of Parliament:


    (1)     at the beginning of every new Parliament, when the House of Commons is directed to choose a Speaker2 and when the Speaker-elect is approved and confirmed;


    (2)     when the monarch is not present to deliver the speech in person3;