891. Claim to rights and privileges.

The House of Lords and the House of Commons claim for themselves and their members certain rights and privileges which are necessary to each House, without which they could not discharge their functions, and which exceed those possessed by other bodies and individuals1. The term 'parliamentary privilege' refers to the range of freedoms and protections each House needs to function effectively: in brief, it comprises the right of each House to control its own proceedings and precincts, and the right of those participating in parliamentary proceedings, whether or not they are members, to speak freely without fear of legal