152. Acts of God or a stranger and default of claimant.

152.     Acts of God or a stranger and default of claimant.

The rule in Rylands v Fletcher1 does not apply where the escape is caused by an act of God2. Nor does it apply if the escape was due to the act of a stranger over whose acts the defendant had no control and which was not an act which the defendant ought reasonably to have anticipated and guarded against3. Nor does the rule apply where the escape was due to some act or default of the person who suffers the damage4.