10. Responsibility for the conduct of third parties.

10.     Responsibility for the conduct of third parties.

There is no general duty to prevent a third party from causing damage to another1, but there are four special circumstances in which a duty may arise:

(1)     where there is a special relationship between the defendant and the claimant based on an assumption of responsibility by the defendant2;

(2)     where there is a special relationship between the defendant and the third party based on control by the defendant over certain classes of persons3;

(3)     where the defendant is negligently responsible for a state of