9. Liability for omissions.

The courts are unwilling to hold that a person is liable for failure to act. It is not enough that harm is a foreseeable consequence of that omission; a bystander is not liable for carelessly allowing a blind man to walk over a cliff to his death without warning him of the danger1. However, a duty to act may be imposed where the defendant has undertaken a responsibility for the claimant himself2, or for property or for third parties causing damage to the claimant. Responsibility for the claimant may be based on the general nature of the relationship3, or

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