19. Immunity for participants in legal proceedings.

Judges of superior and inferior courts are immune from negligence liability when acting within jurisdiction1, and the same principle applies to magistrates2. A judge acts within jurisdiction if he has the authority to make the decision in question even if, due to some error of law or procedure, his decision is invalid and may be overturned on appeal or quashed on judicial review3. Superior court judges are immune when acting outside jurisdiction but in good faith4, and legislation has extended the same immunity to magistrates5.

Judicial immunity extends to those exercising a quasi-judicial function to resolve a formulated dispute where