40. Duty to persons other than visitors.

The common law rules1 as to the liability of occupiers for injury suffered by persons other than their visitors (of which the most prominent category is trespassers) have been replaced by the provisions of the Occupiers' Liability Act 1984, 2which determine:

  1.  

    (1)     whether any duty is owed by a person as occupier3 of premises to persons other than his visitors4 in respect of any risk of their suffering injury5 on the premises by reason of any danger due to the state of the premises or to things done or omitted to be done on them6; and

  2.  

    (2)     if so,