1098. Prevention of illicit trade in cultural objects: the UNESCO Convention.

The UNESCO Convention on the Means of Prohibiting and Preventing the Illicit Import, Export and Transfer of Ownership of Cultural Property1 provides that the import, export or transfer of ownership of cultural property2 effected contrary to the provisions adopted under the convention by the states party to it, is illicit3. The states party to the convention4 undertake:

  1.  

    (1)     to oppose the illicit import, export and transfer of ownership of cultural property and to help to make the necessary reparations5;

  2.  

    (2)     to set up within their territories one or more national services for the protection of the cultural heritage6;

  3.  

    (3)    

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