Many of the learned societies in England and Wales are incorporated by royal charter1. The oldest of these, the Royal Society of London, was thus incorporated by Charles II in 16622. Others have taken advantage of the provisions of the Companies Acts3. However, the majority of the literary and scientific institutions are not incorporated. Under the Friendly Societies Act 1992, incorporated friendly societies may include among their purposes the carrying on of social or benevolent activity, including fund-raising and other activities carried out for a charitable purpose
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The right to notice means a right for the employee to remain in employment for the period of notice, not simply to be paid for it. An employer will therefore often include in the contract an express right to make a payment in lieu of notice ('PILON') as an alternative to giving notice, to ensure
BREXIT: UK is leaving EU on Exit Day (as defined in the European Union (Withdrawal) Act 2018). This has an impact on this Practice Note. For further guidance on the impact of Brexit on e-money requirements, see Practice Note: Impact of Brexit: Payment services and electronic money directives—quick
This Practice Note explains certain common financial covenants used in commercial finance transactions including:•minimum net worth test•gearing ratio•leverage ratio (or debt to equity ratio)•current ratio (or acid test ratio)•cashflow ratio•interest cover ratio, and•loan to value ratioIt explains:
Statutory declaration of solvencyA company enters voluntary liquidation when the members of the company vote to do so by a special resolution. For more information, see Practice Note: What is a members' voluntary liquidation (MVL) and where/when is it typically used?Before the members can vote on a
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