836. Establishment of the National Gallery, the National Portrait Gallery, the Tate Gallery and the Wallace Collection.

b.     The National Gallery, the National Portrait Gallery, the Tate Gallery and the Wallace Collection

836.     Establishment of the National Gallery, the National Portrait Gallery, the Tate Gallery and the Wallace Collection.

The National Gallery was established in 18241 and the National Portrait Gallery was established in 18562.

The Tate Gallery was opened in 1897 as a result of private benefaction3, and was originally operated as a branch of the National Gallery. It subsequently acquired its own trustees, but its contents remained vested in the National Gallery Trustees4. However, on 14 February 1955 the responsibility for the collection at