1099. Cultural objects unlawfully removed from the territory of a member state.

Arrangements have been introduced enabling member states of the European Union (EU) to secure the return1 to their territory of cultural objects which are, or may be, classified as national treasures and which have been unlawfully removed2. For these purposes, 'cultural object' means an object which is classified3, before or after its unlawful removal from the territory of a member state, among the national treasures possessing artistic, historic or archaeological value4.

Cultural objects which have been unlawfully removed on or after 1 January 1993 must be returned in the prescribed circumstances in accordance with the prescribed procedure