28. Objective view as alternative to estoppel.

28.     Objective view as alternative to estoppel.

There is support for an alternative view that the strict principle of consensus is tempered, not by estoppel1, but by an objective principle, that is, that one party is bound if his words or conduct are such as to induce the other party reasonably to believe that the first was assenting to the terms proposed by the second2. These cases are, however, also consistent with estoppel. The matter is controversial3, but there is no doubt that estoppel is a general doctrine, not confined to contracts4