In equity mistake is said to relieve in a much wider range of cases than at common law1. This includes:
(1) rectification of documents which do not accurately record the transaction concerned2;
(2) a defence to some suits for specific performance of contracts3;
(3) proceedings to recover (or regularise) money paid and other assets transferred by mistake4;
(4) the so-called doctrine of proprietary estoppel5.
Formerly, it also included rescission of certain contracts or other transactions entered into where the common law would give no relief6.
Moreover, equity often imposes a duty on a party in certain cases to speak out, and
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