A representee1 who knows the truth is not deceived. Proof, therefore, of such knowledge is a complete answer to any proceeding founded on misrepresentation2, and it is sufficient to show that the representee was aware of the real facts at any time before he altered his position on the faith of the false statement3. However, it must be established that the representee's knowledge was exact and complete; it is not enough to show partial and fragmentary information or mere suspicion4. Moreover, actual knowledge must be proved5. Imputed or constructive notice is not sufficient; thus, if the false statement was
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