719. Implied representation that transaction is legal.

Some transactions may be carried out in either a lawful or an unlawful manner. Since the law presumes against illegality, the mere fact that a person enters into a transaction may raise an inference that he represents that all the conditions necessary for the legality of the transaction exist.

Thus a shipment of goods may constitute a representation by the shipper to the shipowner that the goods are not being shipped on an illegal voyage1. It is possible that the sending of an animal to a public market may amount to a representation that it is not suffering from an