702. Constituent elements.

A representation is a statement made by a representor1 to a representee2 and relating by way of affirmation, denial, description or otherwise to a matter of fact. The statement may be oral or in writing or arise by implication from words or conduct3. The representor and the representee must be distinct from one another in substance as well as in name; where the persons claiming to have been deceived by a statement are in effect the same as those who are alleged to have made it, there is no representation which the law can recognise4.

In general, the matter of