791. Connection between the damage and the representation.

791.     Connection between the damage and the representation.

In every case where it is necessary to prove actionable damage1 it is also necessary for the representee2 to establish a causal connection, as distinct from a relation of mere sequence and succession, between the damage and the misrepresentation. The damage must be shown to have been a natural and direct result of the misrepresentation being acted on or, where the representee is induced by fraudulent misrepresentation to believe a certain state of things to exist3, of the misrepresentation being believed4. Where this connection is not made out, then,