791. Connection between the damage and the representation.

In every case where it is necessary to prove actionable damage1 it is also necessary for the representee2 to establish a causal connection, as distinct from a relation of mere sequence and succession, between the damage and the misrepresentation. The damage must be shown to have been a natural and direct result of the misrepresentation being acted on or, where the representee is induced by fraudulent misrepresentation to believe a certain state of things to exist3, of the misrepresentation being believed4. Where this connection is not made out, then, even if he proves that he did in fact sustain