48. Transfer of interests to the Coal Commission.

There was no central administration of the coal-mining industry until 1920, when the Mining Industry Act 1920 established the Mines Department of the Board of Trade in order to secure the most effective development and utilisation of the mineral resources of the United Kingdom and the safety and welfare of those engaged in the mining industry1. The Mining Industry Act 1926 and the Coal Mines Act 1930 (both now repealed) provided machinery for reorganisation of the coal-mining industry, and in 1937 a coal holdings register was established so that persons having a proprietary interest in coal and mines of

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