305. Effect of conveyance of land on ownership of minerals.

(ii)     Conveyances on Sale; Mortgages

305.     Effect of conveyance of land on ownership of minerals.

All mines and minerals1, whether their ownership is severed from the ownership of the surface of the land or not, lie in grant, and are conveyed by deed2. Unless they are expressly excepted or circumstances exist to rebut the presumption, a conveyance of land passes the mines and minerals in it3. If, however, the ownership of the mines and minerals has been previously severed from the ownership of the land, the title to them remains unaffected by such a conveyance4. In various cases