Nearly every mining lease contains a covenant by the lessee for payment of the specified rent and royalties, and sometimes, where the lessee is under an express obligation to refrain from or to do certain acts, a stipulation is inserted for the payment of a penal sum, either fixed in amount or proportionate to the extent to which the obligation is disregarded, as where the lessee is under an obligation to restore the surface at the end of the term to its original condition
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When defendants are guilty, they have a choice to plead guilty or to put the prosecution to proof. When they plead guilty they may benefit from a reduction in their sentence as a result, see Practice Note: Credit for guilty plea. However, the Sentencing Council's overarching guidelines on reduction
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