218. Obligation to give evidence.

The relationship between a medical practitioner and his patient does not excuse the practitioner, whatever medical etiquette may require, from the obligation, if directed to do so, to give evidence in a court of law1 or to disclose records or other documents in the course of legal proceedings2. He is in the same position as any other person who is not specially privileged in this respect by the law. He may be summoned to give evidence in civil or criminal causes, and may be liable to be punished for contempt of court if he neglects to attend3.

In civil cases,

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